USA – The Copyright Alternative in Small-Clams Enforcement (CASE) Act was enacted on December 27, 2020. This creates a Copyright Claims Board consisting of three officers chosen by the Librarian of Congress and the Register of Copyrights. The officers will act as arbitrators for civil copyright claims and counterclaims capped at $30,000 in damages for declaratory judgment of non-infringement or for notices under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. The Board is expected to be operational by December 27, 2021.
Parties may affirmatively opt out of adjudication before the board within 60 days of service. Failure to do so will serve as consent to the proceeding before the Board and will waive the right to a jury trial.
The proceedings before the Board are also less formal. While parties can conduct written discovery, they may not conduct depositions under the CASE Act. Further, unlike federal district courts, attorneys’ fees are not generally awardable to prevailing parties.